Climate Change

Fighting climate change while supporting growth, efficiency and productivity is part of the government’s plan to build Ontario up.

In May 2015, Ontario became the first province in Canada to set a mid-term greenhouse gas pollution reduction target of 37 per cent below 1990 levels by 2030. Ontario can meet these reductions while fostering a strong, prosperous, low-carbon economy.

There are two main aspects to fighting climate change: reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation) and improving our resilience to the impacts that we are already feeling as a result of a changing climate (adaptation).

The Ministry of Energy has been taking strong climate-positive actions for years:

  • Developing a long-term energy plan for the entire province driven by a vision that focuses on a safe, clean, reliable and affordable energy future. As we plan for Ontario’s energy needs for the next 20 years, conservation will continue to be the first resource considered.  It is the cleanest and most cost-effective energy resource, offers consumers a way to reduce their electricity bills, and reduces the need to build new generation, transmission and distribution infrastructure.
  • Fully eliminating coal as a source of electricity generation, becoming the first jurisdiction in North America to do so. Coal is a fossil fuel that releases greenhouse gases and pollutes our air. Improving air quality in Ontario as a result so that people enjoy fewer smog days and breathe cleaner air.
  • Working closely with energy agencies to understand and address the impacts of climate change, including the effects of severe weather. Investments in resilient infrastructure, emergency preparedness activities, market regulations, as well as proactive grid testing all help to ensure a reliable and robust electricity system.

2018 Default Emission Factors for Ontario’s Cap & Trade Program

Ontario’s cap and trade program begins on January 1, 2017. Under the program, electricity importers are required to report the emissions associated with electricity imported into Ontario under Ontario Regulation 144/16 and submit carbon allowances for these emissions.

The regulation references default emissions factors for the calculation of emissions associated with unspecified imports to be made available by the Ministry of Energy. The default emissions factors for 2018 for various balancing authorities can be found in Table 1 below.

Table 1: Default Emissions Factors for Ontario’s Cap and Trade Program
Balancing Authority Peak Factor Off-Peak Factor
Independent System Operator – New England (ISO-NE) 0.414 0.297
Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO) 0.434 0.311
New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) 0.754 0.607
Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM Interconnection) 0.768 0.730
Quebec 0 0
Manitoba 0 0
Generic Factor for all other Balancing Authorities 0.750 0.600

These factors are based on a report prepared by Navigant Consulting on behalf of the Ministry of Energy, entitled: Default Emissions Factors for 2018 for Ontario’s Cap & Trade Program. The report outlines the methodology used to calculate the factors.

Factors for the previous year are available from the 2017 report.

Ontario’s Green Investment Fund

The province is putting its new Climate Change Strategy into action by investing $100 million from the Ontario Green Investment Fund to help homeowners reduce their energy bills and cut greenhouse gas emissions. More details will be available over the coming months. Learn more .