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Typical steps in developing a large renewable energy project (follow link for description)

Description

1. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS
Project developer conducts preliminary investigation
Multiple sites may be considered

2. COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT
Developer engages with the local community
Developer may seek local participation in the proposed project

3. APPLICATION FOR ELECTRICITY CONTRACT
Developer applies for a contract to sell electricity to the grid
Not a guarantee that the project will go forward

4. ENVIRONMENTAL AND REGULATORY APPROVALS
Developer conducts environmental studies
Developer consults with municipalities, Aboriginal communities, public
Developer fulfills grid connection requirements, secures building and road permits

5. CONSTRUCTION
Projects must have all applicable approvals before construction starts
Construction includes project, access roads and transmission lines
Project testing may take place before full operation

6. OPERATION
Typical contract periods are 20 years for wind, solar and bioenergy projects, and 40 years for waterpower projects, though they may run longer
Operator maintains equipment, responds to any concerns or complaints
Equipment may be stopped when power is not required by the grid

7. DECOMMISSIONING
Project developers are responsible for decommissioning
Many materials can be salvaged or reclaimed
Land must be prepared for its expected future use – e.g., for projects on agricultural land, the property must be restored to the same or better agricultural capability it had before the project started